CanUcan

 Other Programs 

Family Sponsorship View

Your relatives can live, study and work in Canada if they become permanent residents of Canada. You can sponsor certain relatives to come to Canada if you’re at least 18 years old and a:

  • Canadian citizen or

  • person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act or

  • permanent resident of Canada

You can sponsor your spouse, partner or dependent child if:

  • You’re at least 18 years old

  • You’re a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act

    • If you’re a Canadian citizen living outside Canada, you must show that you plan to live in Canada when the persons you want to sponsor become permanent residents.

    • You can’t sponsor someone if you’re a permanent resident living outside Canada.

  • You’re able to prove that you’re not receiving social assistance for reasons other than a disability

  • you can provide for the basic needs of any persons you want to sponsor

If you live outside Quebec

To become a sponsor, you must promise to financially take care of the persons you are sponsoring for a period of time. We call this promise an undertaking.

The undertaking commits you to:

  • providing financial support for your sponsored family members, starting when they become permanent residents

  • repaying any provincial social assistance your sponsored family members get during that time

Also, you and your sponsored family members need to agree to certain responsibilities during the undertaking period. We call this the sponsorship agreement.

The sponsorship agreement means that:

  • you’ll provide for the basic needs of your sponsored family members

  • the person you sponsor will make every effort to support themselves and their family members

When you apply, you’ll have to complete and sign a form that includes the undertaking and the sponsorship agreement.

Income requirement

In most cases, there isn’t an income requirement to sponsor your spouse or partner or dependent child. You only need to show that you have enough money to meet the income requirements if:

  • you’re sponsoring a dependent child that has 1 or more dependent children of their own, or

  • you’re sponsoring a spouse or partner that has a dependent child, and their dependent child has 1 or more children of their own.

The Financial Evaluation form instructions explain how much money you’ll need and how to fill out the form. 

You’ll get the form when you download your application package.

If you live in Quebec

You must meet Quebec’s immigration sponsorship requirements after we approve you as a sponsor. You must sign an undertaking with the province of Quebec.

The Quebec ministry in charge of immigration will assess your income.

 

You can sponsor your own parents and grandparents if:

If you live outside Quebec

To become a sponsor, you must promise to financially take care of the persons you are sponsoring for a period of time. We call this promise an undertaking.

The undertaking commits you to:

  • providing financial support for your sponsored family members for 20 years, starting when they become permanent residents

  • repaying any provincial social assistance (money from the government) your sponsored family members get during that time

Also, you and your sponsored family members need to agree to certain responsibilities during the undertaking period. We call this the sponsorship agreement.

The sponsorship agreement means that:

  • you’ll provide for the basic needs of your sponsored family members

  • the person you sponsor will make every effort to support themselves and their family members

When you apply, you’ll have to complete and sign a form that includes the undertaking and the sponsorship agreement.

If you live in Quebec

You must meet Quebec’s immigration sponsorship requirements after we approve you as a sponsor. The Quebec ministry in charge of immigration will assess your income.

You must also sign an undertaking with the province of Quebec.

Humanitarian and Compassionate Considerations View

Humanitarian and Compassionate Applications, or “H & Cs,” are Canadian Permanent Residence applications that are filed from within Canada. They are for people who do not have legal status in Canada but who have still made Canada their home. If you are someone, or you know someone, who is living in Canada without the proper paperwork, there still are options! You may be able to qualify for an H & C and obtain Canadian permanent residence status.

Humanitarian and Compassionate considerations are discretionary tools that provide the Minister with the authority to grant permanent resident status to those who would not otherwise qualify in an immigration class, or an exemption from requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (section 25(1)) 

It also allows flexibility in deserving and exceptional cases not anticipated in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

 

Who may use this application?

You may use this application to apply for permanent residence from within Canada on humanitarian and compassionate grounds (H&C) if you:

  • are a foreign national currently living in Canada;

  • need an exemption from one or more requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) or Regulations in order to apply for permanent residence within Canada;

  • believe humanitarian and compassionate considerations justify granting the exemption(s) you need; and

  • are not eligible to apply for permanent residence from within Canada in any of these classes: 

    • Spouse or Common-Law Partner;

    • Live-in Caregiver;

    • Caregivers: caring for children or people with high medical needs;

    • Protected Person and Convention Refugees; and

    • Temporary Resident Permit Holder.

Examples of the factors that may be considered include, but are not limited to:

  • establishment in Canada

  • an inability to leave Canada that has led to establishment

  • ties to Canada

  • best interests of any children affected by your application (see following section for more information)

  • health considerations

  • family violence considerations 

  • consequences of your separation from relative

  • factors in your country of origin (not related to seeking protection)

  • any other relevant factors you wish to have considered that are not related to seeking protection.

Entrepreneur Programs View

Canada welcomes successful entrepreneurs who are seeking new opportunities and challenges. The Business Immigration Program is designed to encourage and facilitate the admission of these individuals. Both the federal and provincial/territorial governments welcome business immigrants and offer services to help immigrants start a business and settle in Canada.

Saskatchewan

The Saskatchewan Entrepreneur stream is a three-stage process:

  • Expression of interest;

  • Invitation to submit application;

  • Nomination;

Successful candidates initially come to Canada on a temporary work permit.

They become eligible to apply for nomination after a minimum of 6 months spent establishing their business.

The expression of interest must meet the following minimum entry requirements:

  • Minimum net worth of $500,000 legally acquired.

  • Minimum of three years of entrepreneurial or relevant management experience.

  • Investment of at least $300,000 in Regina or Saskatoon, or $200,000 is any other Saskatchewan area.

 

British Columbia

Entrepreneur Immigration Stream

  • The personal net worth of minimum $600,000, legally obtained.

  • Invest minimum $200,000 in an eligible new business or to purchase and improve an existing business in BC.

  • Create at least one new full-time job in your business for a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident.

  • Canadian Language Benchmark Level 4 In English or French in each of the four competencies: listening, speaking, reading and writing, BY THE TIME OF NOMINATION.

  • Suitable business and/or management experience.

  • Have, or be eligible for, legal temporary immigration status in Canada.

  • Have been lawfully admitted to the country where you currently reside.

British Columbia Entrepreneur Immigration Stream

  • The personal net worth of minimum $600,000, legally obtained.

  • Invest minimum $200,000 in an eligible new business or to purchase and improve an existing business in BC.

  • Create at least one new full-time job in your business for a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident.

  • Canadian Language Benchmark Level 4 In English or French in each of the four competencies: listening, speaking, reading and writing, BY THE TIME OF NOMINATION.

  • Suitable business and/or management experience.

  • Have, or be eligible for, legal temporary immigration status in Canada.

  • Have been lawfully admitted to the country where you currently reside.

 

Quebec

Immigrant Entrepreneur Program

  • Investment of starting funds of $200,000 for a business outside the metropolitan area of Montreal, or $300,000 for a business located in the metropolitan area of Montreal.

  • A minimum guarantee deposit between of $200,000.

  • A net value of $900,000 CAD legally acquired, alone with their spouse if applicable.

 

Manitoba

 

The Manitoba business investor stream is aimed at qualified international business investors and entrepreneurs. Candidates are initially issued with a temporary work permit, and must have the intent and ability to start or purchase a business in Manitoba within two years of arrival. There are pathways for entrepreneurs and for farm investors.

 

a) Entrepreneur Pathway

  • For applicants wanting to open a business in Manitoba. Candidates are initially issued with a temporary work permit. They are nominated for permanent residence after establishing a business meeting the conditions of a Business Performance Agreement. Priority is given to candidates starting businesses outside Winnipeg.

b) Farm Investor Pathway

  • For applicants wanting to open and operate a farm in rural Manitoba. Candidates are initially issued with a temporary work permit. They are nominated for permanent residence after establishing a business meeting the conditions of a Business Performance Agreement.

 

Ontario

The Ontario Entrepreneur Stream is aimed at individuals from outside Canada who want to start a business or buy an already existing business in Ontario. Those who are approved for the program will be nominated for Canadian permanent residence. Once nominated, an applicant qualifies to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

Applicants under the OES must:

  • Have at least 24 months of full-time business experience in the past 60 months.

    • The experience must be as an owner or senior manager of a business.

  • Have a minimum net worth of $800,000 if your proposed business will be in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

    • If your proposed business will be outside of the GTA, the minimum net worth requirement is $400,000.

    • If your proposed business will be involved in Information Communications Technology or Digital Communications anywhere in the province, the minimum net worth requirement is $400,000.

  • Be ready to invest at least $600,000 in an Ontario business and possess at least 33% equity ownership if the business is in the GTA.

    • If the business is outside the GTA, you must be ready to invest at least $200,000 and have at least 33% equity ownership.

    • If the business will be involved in Information Communications Technology or Digital Communications anywhere in the province, you must be ready to invest at least $200,000 and have at least 33% equity ownership.

  • Commit to creating two full time jobs for Canadian citizens or permanent residents in the proposed company if the business is located inside the GTA.

    • If the business is outside the GTA, you must create at least one job for Canadian citizens or permanent residents.

    • If the business will be involved in Information Communications Technology or Digital Communications anywhere in the province, you must create at least one job for Canadian citizens or permanent residents.

New Brunswick

The New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program operates an Entrepreneurial Stream and Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream aimed at professionals and graduates from New Brunswick institutions.

Entrepreneurial Stream

The New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program Entrepreneurial Stream is aimed at professionals ready to invest in a business in the province and move there with their families.

The primary requirements are:

  • Have an eligible connection to New Brunswick.

  • Be aged between 22 and 55.

  • Minimum two years post-secondary education degree or diploma.

  • Score at least level 5 on the Canadian Language Benchmark exam for speaking, listening, reading and writing in English or French.

  • Have completed at least two years full time post-secondary education.

  • Legally-acquired personal net worth of at least $600,000, of which $300,000 must be available in available in unencumbered liquidity.

  • Invest at least $250,000 in a New Brunswick business, taking ownership of at least 33 per cent.

  • Sign a Business Performance Agreement with the New Brunswick provincial government and pay a deposit of $100,000.

  • Business must create significant economic benefit to New Brunswick.

  • Show business experience – either three years of ownership or five years of senior management experience in the last five years.

  • Submit a business concept of 1,000 to 1,500 words.

  • Conduct an exploratory visit to New Brunswick, or participate in an information session offered by the New Brunswick provincial government.

  • Intend to live permanently in New Brunswick.

Post Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream

The New Brunswick Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream targets international graduates from recognized New Brunswick universities or community colleges.

Candidates must have started or acquired a New Brunswick business and operated it for at least one year, while holding a Post-Graduation Work Permit.

Eligibility Requirements

  • Be aged between 22 and 40.

  • Score at least level 7 on the Canadian Language Benchmark for speaking, listening, reading and writing in English or French.

  • Have completed at least two years full time post-secondary education at a recognized New Brunswick university or community college.

  • Have lived in New Brunswick for the duration of the course (distance-learning courses do not qualify).

  • Have 100 per cent owned and operated a business for one full year.

  • Have a valid Post-Graduation Work Permit.

  • Intend to live permanently in New Brunswick.

Nova Scotia

The Nova Scotia Entrepreneur stream targets candidates with business ownership or senior management experience. They must live in Nova Scotia, either start a new business or buy an existing business, and actively participate in the day-to-day management of that business.

Under the Entrepreneur stream, candidates are first issued a temporary work permit before applying for permanent residence after operating the business for a year. The stream uses an Expression of Interest format, where candidates in a pool are invited to apply.

Entrepreneur Stream: Candidate Requirements

  • Be aged 21 or older.

  • Want to live permanently in Nova Scotia while owning and actively managing a Nova Scotia business.

  • Minimum net worth of $600,000.

  • Minimum investment of $150,000 to establish or purchase a business in Nova Scotia.

  • Minimum 3 years of experience actively managing and owning a business (33 per cent ownership minimum) OR more than 5 years of experience in a senior business management role.

  • Score minimum of 5 on the Canadian Language Benchmark in speaking, listening, reading and writing in English or French.

 

Newfoundland and Labrador

International Graduate Entrepreneur Category

Basic requirements:

  • Open to immigrants wishing to start, join or manage a business in the province.

  • Be a graduate of Memorial University or the College of the North Atlantic.

  • Have complete a program at least two years in length.

  • Have benchmark level 7 in one of Canada’s official languages.

  • Have at least one year of experience in managing or owning a business in the province.

  • Candidates must establish themselves and their business on a temporary work permit, before being nominated for permanent residence after at least one year.

  • There is no up-front investment requirement.

International Entrepreneur Category

Basic requirements:

  • Open to immigrants aged 21 to 59.

  • Transfer $500,000 in net business and personal assets to the province.

  • Have two years of experience managing a business.

  • Candidates must establish themselves and their business on a temporary work permit, before being nominated for permanent residence after at least one year.

 

 Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories Business Stream is aimed at entrepreneurs with business expertise and investment capital, who wish to purchase or start a business in the region.

Northwest Territories Business Stream: Requirements

  • Invest:

    • A minimum of $300,000 equity into starting or buying a business within the corporate boundaries of Yellowknife, NWT, or

    • A minimum of $150,000 equity into starting or buying a business outside of the corporate boundaries of Yellowknife, NWT.

  • Have a personal net worth of:

    • At least $500,000 if starting or buying a business within the corporate boundaries of Yellowknife, NWT, or

    • At least $250,000 if starting or buying a business outside the corporate boundaries of Yellowknife, NWT.

 

Yukon

The Yukon Business Nominee Program allows entrepreneurs to own and operate their business in Yukon.

Candidates initially come to Yukon on a two-year work permit, before being nominated for permanent residence if they successfully establish their business.

Yukon Business Nominee Program: Requirements

  • Legally-acquired net worth of at least $500,000, documented and verified by a Yukon accounting firm.

  • Legally-acquired minimum of $300,000 in liquid assets, documented and verified by a Yukon accounting firm.

  • Invest at least $300,000 in capital investments for the business in the first 2 years.

    • This does not include any capital investments made before acceptance into the Yukon Business Nominee Program.

    • Capital investments include purchases such as property or equipment. It does not include purchases such as a house, vehicles that are only partially for the business and operational or maintenance expenses.